The Center for Injury Biomechanics (CIB) strives to mitigate the human suffering and societal costs associated with unintentional injuries. This is accomplished by conducting research to determine the mechanisms of injury and human tolerance to injury. The impact and injury responses and physical properties of post-mortem human surrogates and in vivo biomedical models are measured on multiple scales via cellular, tissue, organ structure, body region, and whole-body-level testing. Human volunteer testing is conducted at low energy levels to investigate the effects of posture and muscle activation. The tolerance to various loading regimes using different injury mechanisms is determined to develop or improve injury metrics and predictive functions for a given injury type.
Connected with these metrics are Injury Assessment Reference Values that suggest a threshold for the probability of a specific injury occurring at a particular severity for a general category (gender/percentile) of individual. These results are applied to create tools used for the design and evaluation of environments (e.g., playgrounds, vehicles) and protective equipment (e.g., helmets, body armor). These tools are often used during regulatory compliance testing. Improved understanding of mechanisms and tolerance can lead to improved prevention strategies and diagnostic techniques and can provide a foundation for new treatment regimes.
This research is important to transportation safety, military safety, and sports biomechanics. Restraint and compartment designs for automobiles, military vehicles, rail systems, aircraft, and spacecraft benefit from the type of research conducted by CIB. Protective equipment for military personnel and athletes has been improved. Collaborations with government agencies and private industry are vital to the success and impact of CIB.